Born in Moscow, Russia, in 1939. Works as a director, screenwriter and animator. He graduated in 1962 from VGIK, the film school in Moscow. His work is characterised by an interest in Russian history and culture. In 1966, Khrzhanovsky made his first film, the short Once Upon a Time There Lived Kozyavin. His most famous feature is A Room and a Half (2009), inspired by the work of the Russian poet and essayist Joseph Brodsky.